When an employer receives notice from the Fair Work Commission (FWC) of an unfair dismissal claim, the first question they should ask is – does the FWC have jurisdiction to hear the matter?
There are numerous circumstances in which the FWC may not have jurisdiction and/or in which an applicant may not be eligible to make a claim to the FWC. They can be one or a combination of the following:
- The application was filed more than 21 days after the dismissal;
- The applicant’s employment was terminated within the minimum employment period;
- The applicant was not an employee (e.g. they were an independent contractor or volunteer);
- The employer is not a national system employer;
- The applicant was not dismissed or had resigned voluntarily;
- The dismissal was as a result of a genuine redundancy;
- For small businesses, the dismissal was in accordance with the Small Business Dismissal Code;
- The applicant earned over the high income threshold and was not covered by a modern award or employed under the terms of an enterprise agreement;
- The applicant was employed for a specified period, task, seasonal contract or traineeship, and was dismissed at the end of the period, task, season or traineeship; or
- The applicant was a casual employee and not regularly / systematically employed and had no reasonable expectation of continuing employment.
Where an employer elects to raise a jurisdictional objection, the FWC will either:
- Require competing submissions on the objection and then determine the issue either on the papers or at a separate hearing prior to dealing with the substantive application; or
- Deal with the jurisdictional objection at the same time as the substantive application.
Raising a jurisdictional objection will not automatically result in an unfair dismissal claim being dismissed. However, if the FWC finds the jurisdictional objection to be a valid one, it has the potential to save employers from incurring further and unnecessary costs in needing to defend the claim.
For these reasons, it was interesting to read that the popular ridesharing company, Uber, has elected not to raise any jurisdictional objections to recent unfair dismissal claims lodged by some former drivers. The company asserts that their drivers are not “employees” under the FW Act but rather, are “self-employed contractors”. If, at some stage, the FWC agreed with the latter argument that all Uber drivers are “self-employed contractors” then Uber would be entitled to that jurisdictional objection in the face of unfair dismissal claims.
Rather than try to secure such a finding and having these claims dismissed by the FWC, Uber has decided instead to pay one former driver a confidential settlement sum and is currently in the process of negotiating settlement of the other claims. While commercially this makes sense (See our blog Employment Law Essentials – It’s not over till it’s over: Ramifications of unfair dismissal proceedings) – is Uber losing an opportunity to have the FWC determine the employee v contractor question?
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